Educational planning, Needs,significance and strategies of educational planning


Educational planning, Needs, significance and  strategies of educational planning; 

Educational planning, Needs,significance and strategies of educational planning
Educational planning

Need of Educational planning:

Define institutional planning

1. Planning is necessary to ensure success of the enterprise. it takes into consideration the important factors, issues and conditions in education. it requires future objectives, good vision and perception and ability to profit from theory in advance of action. it makes the goals and the means to achieve them clear and thus eliminates the chances of failure, and ensures success of the activity.

2.Efficient and effective planning saves time, effort and money. because of clear insight it increases the power of efficient accomplishment of the desired purposes. it is a time saving, an effort saving and a money-saving activity. it is a fundamental part of the successful administrative activity and a vital steps in the educational enterprise.

3. Planning is a good method of solving problems it eliminates the trail and error method of doing things. so, it is indispensible for the best utilisation of available resources. it checks wastage and failure and contributes to the smoothness, ease and efficiency of the administrative process.

4. the need for planning arises from the two basic reason . firstly, education is the means by which society preserves and improves its future value system and way of life, its knowledge, akills and appreciations, i.e its cultures. secondly, the operation of the educational system utilities a large proportion of the country's educated talent and a major part of public expenditure. the educational system, its nature and its ends and means are determined by these things. hence, arises the need for planning.

5. Planning is necessary to keep pace with the time. rapid and far-reaching changes are going on economy, industry commerce, educational theory and practice, social culture and moral values. educational process has to keep abreast of these changes and shape itself accordingly, otherwise it will become a dead weight on society's shoulders and prove injurious to its health.

Significance of educational planning:

The science of educational planning has tremendously grown during the past few decades with ever increasing complexity of socio political and economic life of nations. planning in all fields has assumed greater significance and has developed new and more sophisticated techniques and strategies.

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Following are some of the most important characteristics of modern planning. these apply to planning in the field of education also:-

1. Modern educational planning has attained the status of a logical, systematic and scientific process significantly different from the elementary kinds of procedure utilized in the past for bringing about changes in the system of education.

2.Modern educational planning emphasizes that only the top administrator or the government should be involved in planning. planning should not be regarded a single person's responsibility. rather, it should be considered a responsibility of all people concerned with the desired change. a team of experts, responsible people and those who are to implement the plan should determine the goals and appropriate ways of attaining them.

3. Modern educational planning emphasizes that the goals of a  democratic society should be social and economic concerned with the welfare and progress of all citizens rather than the selfish goals of some special interest groups. the expected good of the society and needs of children and young pupils in the schools and colleges should be the broad frame of reference to be used for educational planning.

4. Modern educational planning emphasizes involvement of representatives of most of the concerned sectors of the society in the process of planning. co-operative planning is considered an important principle of planning in all fields.

5. Modern educational planning anticipates probable developments and needed changes in future. this is done much ahead of time so that proper facilities, supporting media and required resources for implementing the planned change may be secured. thus, irrelevent changes and efforts are avoided and needed changes and efforts are avoided and needed changes are effectively implemented.

6. Another importance of modern educational planning is that it is remedial and guidance-oriented in the sense that with appropriate planning procedures it is possible to identify maleadjustment of deficiencies in the system that cause educational problems. identifying causes of the educational problems and suggesting relevant solution is, then, the objectives of educational planning.

7. Changes made on adhoc piecemeal basis to solve immediate problems may create other kinds of problems in course of time. to avoid this modern educational planning carefully and objectively collects data, interprets and analysis inter-relationships between present and relatedness of the various components of the societal and educational system. on the basis of these analysis, it suggests solution to existing problem.

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Strategies in educational planning:

1. Proper formulation-

planning procedure and process should be carefully formulated. unified and systematically carried out. this principle emphasizes that the planning procedure should be clear and well formulated. its objectives must be clear. there should be a coordination and integration among various components, activities, terms of people involved in the planning. all the activities of planning finally should be carried out systematically.

2. Part of national planning-

Educational planning should be reorganised and carried out as an integral aspect of national planning. educational should  lead to social and national development. education should be essentially linked with national development. hence, educational planning should be an integral part of total national planning.

3.Based on Research-

Educational planning should be based on organized research and the decisions involved in the plan should not be arbitrary or intuitional. the final choice of the alternatives should be warranted by factual information and result of objectives research.

4.Continuous process-

Educational planning should be a continuous process requiring constant adaptation of plans to meet emergency needs. the plan once prepared must be flexible and adaptable to meet emergency needs. the plan once prepared must be flexible and adaptable to meet emergency needs.

5.Functional realistic and practical 

educational planning should not be limited to existing situations only. it should be workable. it should be realistic and feasible plan. it should conform to the situational realities. it should achieve the objectives in the circumstances and conditions which are obtained there.

6. Continuing evaluation of the planning process-

The process of planning implies analysis of the validity of assumptions, relevance of data used, quality of procedures employed, soundness of interpretation. these elements are important even after the plan is ready.

7. meeting the needs of the people;-

All planning for development is made for meeting the needs of the people. educational planning meets the needs of the students and all those who are engaged in teaching, research and other related work.

8. Need based and situation oriented;-

There cannot be a single best plan for all purposes and all times. each plan should have a unique character which should be determined by the needs of the situation. specific and unitary plans can be prepared to solve immediate problems. similarly short-term and long-term plans may be prepared.

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